Differenze fra Acronimo e Sigla

Acronimo (Acronym) L’acronimo è una parola formata combinando le prime lettere delle parole principali di una frase. Può essere pronunciato come se fosse una parola e ha lo stesso significato della frase originale. Examples are given below: LASER for Light Amplification by the Simulated Emission of Radiation SCUBA for Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus Sigla (Initialism) Note that an acronym is different from an initialism. While an initialism is also formed in the same way, it cannot be pronounced as a word. Examples are: UNO for United Nations Organization BBC for British Broadcasting...

Frasi complesse e composte-complesse

Leggi gli esempi seguenti: I will do what I like. When we reached the station we found that the train had left. Sentence 1 consists of two clauses, ‘I will do’ and ‘what I like‘. The first is an independent clause which can stand by itself. It is therefore called the principal or main clause. The second clause ‘what I like‘ can’t stand by itself. It depends on the first clause for its meaning. It is therefore called a subordinate clause. In sentence 2 we can find three clauses – when we reached the station, we found and that the train had left. Here the main clause is ‘we found’, and the other two are subordinate clauses. Una frase che consiste di una proposizione pincipale e una o più subordinate è...

Il verbo modale “Would”

Would è un verbo modale. È il passato di will. Dopo “would” si usa sempre un infinito senza la particella to. Vediamo qualche esempio: She would come. (NOT She would to come.) He would help us. (NOT He would to help us.) Questions and negatives are made without to. Would you help us? (NOT Do you would help us?) He would not come. (NOT He do not would come.) Note that the contracted form of I would is I’d and would not is wouldn’t. Would and will Would is the past tense form of will in direct speech. Direct speech: She said, ‘I will help you.’ Indirect speech: She said that she would help me. Would is a more polite form of will. It is used in requests and offers. Would you help me? (More polite than ‘Will you help...

I verbi

Leggi le parole in neretto nelle frasi seguenti: The woman went inside. The boy ran very fast. John finished his work. Here the words ran, finished and went tell us something about what the boy, John and the woman did. These are the most important words in these sentences and are called verbs. A verb is a word which tells us what a person or a thing is doing. We have seen that a verb may tell us about an action. Now look at the following sentences: He is a smart boy. There were five books on the table. It was raining. Here the verbs is, was and were tell us not about an action, but about a state of being or existence. Now look at these sentences: I have ten dollars with me. She has a beautiful necklace. Here the verbs have and has shows possession. Thus we...

Frasi semplici e frasi complesse

A seconda della loro struttura, le frasi possono essere divise in quattro tipi diversi: semplici, composte, complesse e composte-complesse (simple, compound, complex and compound-complex). The simple sentence Read the following sentences. The sky is blue. Milk is rich in nutrients. The sentences given above have only one subject and one predicate. A sentence which has only one subject and one predicate is called a simple sentence. The compound sentence Read the following sentences: John went to the store and bought some books. You can go by bus or by train. The sentence 1 consists of two parts ‘John went to the store’ and ‘John bought some books’ joined by the coordinating conjunction and. Each part has its own subject and predicate and...

Verbi transitivi e intransitivi

Leggi le frasi seguenti: John likes apples. I know Alice well. The boy sat on the bench. Adesso rispondi a queste domande: John likes … what? Apples I know … whom? Alice I sostantivi Apples e Alice sono l’oggetto dei verbi likes e know . Un verbo con un complemento oggetto è detto “transitivo” . A volte un verbo transitivo può avere due oggetti: Read the following sentence: Peter gave the beggar a coin. Peter gave … what? a coin … to whom? the beggar Here the noun a coin is the direct object of the verb gave and the beggar is the indirect object. Usually, the indirect object, if it is short, comes before the direct object. Now look at the following sentence: The boy sat on the bench. Now answer the following...

Usi di Do

Come verbo principale As a principal verb do is used in the sense of perform or act. We must do our work well. Do as I tell you. Can’t you do it yourself? Come verbo ausiliare As an auxiliary verb, do is used in three ways. 1) to ask a question Do you know where he works? Did he ask your name? Do they take him for an expert? 2) to form a negative statement Sentences in the simple present and simple past form their negatives with do, does and did. I saw him yesterday. I did not see him yesterday. She sent me a present. She did not send me a present. I want to talk to him. I don’t want to talk to him. Per dare enfasi a un’affermazione I admit that I was wrong. (Less emphatic) I do admit that I was wrong. (More emphatic) She looks rather...

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