Cosa sono le frasi nominali (Noun clause)
Leggi le frasi seguenti:
- She told me a story.
- She told me that I had won a prize.
In sentence 1, the object of told is story which is a noun.
In sentence 2, the object of told is the group of words ‘that I had won a prize’ which is a clause that does the work of a noun. Hence it is called a noun clause.
A noun clause is a group of words which has a subject and predicate of its own. A noun clause does the work of a noun.
More examples are given below:
- He asked me where I was going.
- It is certain that he will win.
- Whether he will come is doubtful.
A noun clause can be introduced by the conjunction that.
- He says that he is ill.
- It is certain that he will come.
- She said that she was coming.
That is often left out especially in an informal style.
- She said she wanted to go. OR She said that she wanted to go.
A noun clause can be introduced by a relative pronoun, provided that no antecedent is present.
- I don’t understand what he says.
- I want to know who he is.
A noun clause can be introduced by an interrogative or relative adverb, provided that no antecedent is present.
- I don’t know where she has disappeared.
- I want to know when he will return.
A noun clause can be introduced by the conjunctions if and whether.
- I don’t know if I am right.
- He asked whether the servant had polished his shoes.