Soggetto e predicato

Una frase semplice è costituita da un soggetto e un predicato. Il soggetto è la persona o la cosa della quale si parla. Il predicato è ciò che si dice del soggetto. The girls danced. (Subject – the girls; predicate – danced) The boy wrote. (Subject – the boy; predicate – wrote) The chief guest inaugurated the function. (Subject – the chief guest; predicate – inaugurated the function) From the example sentences given above you can see that the subject may consist of one word on several words. In the same way the predicate may also consist of one word or several words. But the subject must have a noun or pronoun in it and the predicate must have a verb in it. Different kinds of subject The subject is always a noun or a group...

Verbi a predicazione incompleta (verb of incomplete predication)

Leggi le frasi seguenti: She sleeps. The boy seems upset. Here the sentence She sleeps makes complete sense, but if you say ‘The boy seems’, the sense is incomplete. You have to supply a word like tired, happy, sad, impressed, surprised etc., to make the sense complete. The verb seems is therefore a verb of incomplete predication. The word upset (or happy, sad, surprised etc.) which completes the meaning of the sentence is called the complement of the verb. Other examples of verbs of incomplete predication are: the forms of be (is, am, are, was and were), appear, grow, look, turn, taste, become etc. The night grew dark. The milk turned sour. She is a good mother. She looked sad. Alice appears intelligent. The complements of verbs can be of...

Complementi diretti e indiretti

If the verb in the predicate is transitive, it must have an object to complete its meaning. Consider the sentence ‘The cat killed the mouse’. The words ‘the cat killed’ by themselves do not make complete sense. But the sentence ‘The cat killed the mouse’ expresses a complete thought. Here ‘the mouse’ is the object of the verb killed. Kinds of object The object word is always a noun or a noun-equivalent. They built a house. (Noun) The police caught the thief. (Noun) The boy killed the spider. (Noun) We all respected him. (Pronoun) She loves singing. (Gerund) The thief tried to escape. (To-infinitive) We bought a car. (Here the object is the noun car) Direct and indirect objects I bought him a present. She gave me...

Forme del possessivo

Il possessivo ha due forme: The forms my, your, his, her, their and our are called possessive adjectives because they are used before nouns. This is my pen. It is their dog. Our car is quiet new. What is your father? The forms mine, yours, his, hers, theirs and ours are called possessive pronouns. Possessive pronouns can stand alone. They are used in the predicative position, after the verb. This umbrella is mine. Where is yours? Has she got any land of hers? This car is...

Come si usa “Going to”

Going to indica un’azione futura o un’intenzione. She is going to have a baby. It is going to rain. I am going to get a good job. The drought is going to continue. The summer is going to be very hot this year. We are going to buy a new car. I am not going to give in. They are going to get married. Notes Going to started as a colloquial expression, but now it has gained acceptance in standard written English.

Come si usa una frase nominale

Una proposizione nominale (noun clause) può avere le seguenti funzioni: 1. As the subject of a verb A noun clause can be the subject of a verb. Compare: What we heard was true. (Here the subject is the noun clause ‘what we heard’.) The news was true. (Here the subject is the noun news.) 2) As the object of a finite verb, participle or infinitive A noun clause can be the object of a finite verb, participle or infinitive. He said that he would come. (Object – that he would come) He said something. (Object – something) 3) As the object of a preposition A noun clause can be the object of a preposition. Pay attention to my story. (Object of the preposition – story) Pay attention to what I say. (Object of the preposition –...

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